How does a laser cutting machine work?

laser cutting machines

If you’re curious about how laser cutting machines work, you’re in luck! In this blog post, we’ll explain everything you need to know. We’ll start by discussing the basics of laser cutting and then move on to how the machine actually cuts materials. Finally, we’ll answer some of the most common questions we get about laser cutting, and how you can use these exciting machines to grow your business.

How does a laser cutter work

Firstly, it’s helpful to understand what a laser itself is. A laser is a device that emits a highly focused, very intense beam of light. (LASER stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.) Laser cutting machines use this energy to cut, engrave, or mark the material you’re working with.  

The basic principle of laser cutting is pretty simple: the machine uses a powerful laser to vaporize material in a very precise way. When the laser cuts through the material, it leaves a clean, smooth edge.

What is a laser cutter used for?

Laser cutters can be used for a variety of purposes, such as cutting through materials like wood, acrylic, fabric, and metal. They can also be used for engraving and marking different materials. This makes them a very versatile tool for many businesses and projects.

Just some of the products that can be made with a laser cutter or engraver include:

  • Wooden Signs
  • Coasters 
  • Cutting Boards
  • Corporate Gifts 
  • Acrylic Awards
  • Engraved Name Plates
  • Custom Metal Signs
  • And much more! 

Here at Max Laser, we’re constantly impressed by the creative and imaginative ways customers use our laser cutting machines!  

Tips on how to operate a laser cutting machine

Operating a laser cutting machine can be a little intimidating at first, but with a little practice, you’ll be able to do it like a pro! Here are a few tips to help you get started:

1. Always wear the appropriate safety gear. Lasers can be very dangerous, so it’s important to always wear the proper safety gear when operating a laser cutting machine. This includes eye protection, gloves, and long sleeves. 

2. Choose the right settings for your material. Each type of material will require different settings in order to be cut correctly. Be sure to consult the user manual before starting your project. 

3. Test the machine on a scrap piece of material first. Before you start cutting your actual project, it’s always a good idea to test the machine on a scrap piece of material first. This will help you get a feel for how the machine works and ensure that your settings are correct. 

4. Follow the instructions in the user manual. Be sure to read and understand the user manual before operating the machine. This will help you avoid any accidents and ensure that you’re using the machine correctly.

If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us. We’re always happy to help!

Guides on laser cutting machines

Last but not least, we’ve put together some handy video tutorials on all our laser cutting machines for sale. These will be extremely helpful when using your machine for the first time, or for deciding which model is right for you:

Thunder Laser:

Laser cutting machine FAQ 

Looking for quickfire answers about our laser cutters for sale? You’ll find them here. 

How do you set up a laser cutting machine

This varies by model, so when you buy a laser cutter from us, we will help you set up the machine and give you a demonstration to get you started.  

Where can I find your laser cutting machine prices? 

All our laser cutting machine prices are prominently displayed in the relevant product description. Check out our: 

Laser cutting machines

Laser engraving machines 

Hobby laser cutting and engraving machines  

How does a laser cut through things

Laser cutting is technically a form of ‘thermal separation’. The laser beam melts the material being laser cut, causing it to vaporize.

How does a laser cutter know what to cut?  

Laser cutters are computer-controlled, so you can input the design that you want it to cut into the machine. The laser cutter will then follow the design specs to cut out your desired shape.

What types of laser cutting are there? 

There are three main types of lasers used in laser cutting machines: CO2, Nd, and YAG. CO2 lasers are the most common type used in laser cutters, and they’re well suited for a wide range of materials. Nd lasers, or neodymium-doped lasers, are more powerful than CO2 lasers and can cut through thicker materials. YAG lasers, or yttrium aluminum garnet lasers, are even more powerful than Nd lasers and are typically used for cutting metals. However, Nd and YAG lasers can only be used with a limited range of materials, so tend to be less popular with small businesses in South Africa.

Do you sell a home laser cutter machine?

Yes! The Beamo, BeamBox, and HEXA models all make fantastic home laser cutting machines.
Have any questions not answered here? Give us a shout and we’ll be happy to assist.